PLANTS USED IN COMPLEMENTARY MEDICINE IN THE TREATMENT OF CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES IN TURKEY
In this study, plants used in complementary medicine applications in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases in Turkey has been investigated. The study was carried out in two stages: literature study and fieldwork.
As a result of the study, it was determined that 54 plant species belonging to 29 families were used as folk medicine in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. The family with the most species are Rosaceae (%35), followed by Lamiaceae (%17), Scrophulariaceae (%14); Fabaceae and Liliaceae (%10); Berberidaceae, Cornaceae, Orchidaceae, Papaveraceae and Ranunculaceae (%7) and others (%3). The genera with the most species are Crataegus (%7) and Digitalis (%5). Bioactive Compounds found in most of these plants are; phenolic compounds, carotenoids, flavonoids, terpenes, plant organic acids, carotenoids, fatty acid esters, amino acids, furanocoumarins, phenols, anthocyanins, polyphenols and vitamin C.
According to the results of the literature and fieldworks these plants; against heart failure, arteriosclerosis, chronic vein diseases, cardiovascular diseases, heart failure, heart strengthener, cardiovascular diseases, prevention of cardiovascular diseases, prevents arteriosclerosis, prevents heart palpitation, reduces heart rate, reduces the risk of heart atack, vasecenstrieter, vasodilator and vasorelaxant effects were determined. In addition, these plant species have the following effects; antibacterial, anticancer, anti-carcinogenic, anti-inflammatory, antilitic activity, antimicrobial, antioxidant, cytotoxic, exhibits antiviral effects, antioxidant activity, free radicals, lipid peroxidation inhibition activity, antioxidant activity a/H3N2.
As a result; In this study, the potential of the 54 plant species examined in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases should be examined with detailed researches.